Q.Is there any evidence that can prove there was coercion of recruitment for comfort women?
A.As mentioned in the previous testimony, “comfort women”were forcefully recruited by Japanese troops and officials. Kinbara, a medical officer of the Japanese Department of Army, wrote, in his duty log that “he army needs to assign the village heads to set up comfort stations with extra precautions being taken to permanent venereal diseases”in Indonesia. This clearly shows that the army itself was forcing village heads to recruit “comfort women.”(Note 4.D.) Some were deceived to become “comfort women”by job fraud, but still the army was involved in selecting job agents to carry out the recruitment and controlling comfort stations.
A Japanese job agent who, in 1932, took Japanese women to a comfort station in Shanghai by deception was found guilty at the highest court of overseas transfer and overseas abduction according to the criminal code in 1937.
This ruling shows that taking a person somewhere against one's will was recognized as crime, and that the definition of being forcefully taken somewhere was being applied to cases in a broader term. (Note. 4.G.)http://www.hermuseum.go.kr/eng/sub01/sub0102.asp
5.C. and 5.F. indicates that the Japanese army, the police, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan were involved in recruiting “comfort women”and aware of international conventions regarding women trafficking and forced transfer.
These data can be found in public documents in Japan, National Archives and Records Administration in the United States, records at International War Crimes Tribunal in Netherlands, and etc.