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韓国サイト Q&A No.3

従軍慰安婦

Q.How were the comfort women taken into sex slavery for the military?


A.Girls and women were deceptively recruited, often with the involvement by the police and governmental officials, sometimes tricked or kidnapped and deployed to “comfort stations”in battlefields. The victims are revealing how they were taken and forced to become sex slaves for the Japanese military.

I.Deceptive recruitment
When Soran Kim was 18(in 1940), her sister told her that she could get paid for washing bandages and cleaning in hospitals, and she applied for the job of her own volition. Yet, she was enslaved and forced to be a sex slave for Japanese soldiers in Manila, the Philippines. (Note 3.J.) When Doori Park turned 16, one Japanese and two people who appeared to be Koreans came to her and offered a job at a factory in Japan. She took the job without questioning the offer and ended up as a sex slave in a “comfort station”in Changhwa, Taiwan.(Note 3.H.) When Kumju Hwang became 19(in 1941), the wife of her boss at a sweatshop told her about a job at a Japanese company and she applied for the job, but ended up as a sex slave in a “comfort station”near Girin in China. (Note 3.E.) Wonok Gil can not remember how old she was when she was taken as a sex slave because she was too young. When she turned 12(in 1940), she went to Manchuria to earn money and became a sex slave in a “comfort station”in Haerbin. (Note 3.I.) Soonduk Kim followed a Korean who pretended to recruit women for a factory in Japan when she was 16 years old in 1937 and ended up being a sex slave in a “comfort station”in Shanghai. (Note 3.A.)

II.Involvement of police and governmental officials
Ilchool Kang was taken at the age of 16 in 1944 by a gunned soldier and a sworded policeman and, unable to let her parents know of her whereabouts, forced to become a sex slave in a “comfort station”in Heilongjiang, China. (Note 3.F.) When Haksun Kim was 17 years old in 1941, she was dragged together with her older sister by 40 to 50 Japanese soldiers in Beijing and taken to Tiebizhen, China to become a sex slave. (Note 3.B.)

III.Tricking
Gunja Kim ended up as a sex slave in a military brothel in Hunchun, China after following a uniformed Korean man who she thought asked her to run errands for him. It was 1942 and she was 16. (Note 3.G.) Yongsu Lee at the age of 16 in 1944, followed a Japanese man who gave her a dress and a pair of leather shoes and asked her to accompany him and was coerced to become a sex slave in a military brothel in Hsinchu, Taiwan. (Note 3.D.)

IV.Kidnapping
Oksun Lee was forcefully taken by strong men on a street at the age of 15 in 1942 and forced to be a sex slave in Girin, China. (Note 3.K.) Tokkyoung Kang then 15 in 1944, joined volunteer corps at a Fujikoshi in Toyama Prefecture, Japan at the recommendation of her school teacher, but hunger and severe labor led her to flee. Yet, she was captured by troops and forced into sexual slavery for the military in Japan. (Note3.C.)

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